Mesquite tree as an additional source of raw materials for biofuels
Mesquite, a plant common in the southwestern United States, can provide additional feedstock for biofuel production (based on a Texas A&M study published in BioEnergy Research)
This study was conducted to assess how beneficial the use of the honey mesquite tree is in irrigated arid areas, as well as to compare it with sorghum and millet, which are already successfully used in the production of biofuels. At the same time, the study was based on the assessment of 4 criteria: biomass costs, energy costs, greenhouse effect compensation, use of the greenhouse effect.
As a result, the scientists found that even in the first two points, the mesquite tree is slightly inferior to millet, but surpasses in terms of the side effects of land use: GHG reimbursement and GHG use.
“Despite the higher energy density per pound of product, the cost of mesquite grown per unit of land area is lower than other types of raw materials, so this crop will not be able to completely replace them. But as a supplementary feedstock, mesquite is a good option, contributing to meeting the demand for biomass feedstock, ”says Dr. Son Park, economist at TAMU, who is co-conducting the study.
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