Pellets conquer the world
All over the world, the search for ways to obtain environmentally friendly fuel is one of the most pressing problems of our time. Fuel needs high quality, inexpensive, efficient. It would seem incredible, but it was “found” – it was pellets.
Pellets (or in other words, wood pellets) are obtained from the waste of the wood-processing industry. There are two types of pellets – industrial and domestic: the first, industrial, are used in industrial enterprises for heating and providing their various technological processes, domestic as fuel for the private sector.
It was only in 1947 that the first prototypes of wood pellets and pellets began to be actively produced, although, of course, they had tried to use solid bio-fuels like them before. For example, already in the 19th century sawdust and shavings were used as fuel for houses. They became the first predecessors of the future fuel – pellets.
After the Second World War, a method for processing wood raw materials such as bark and sawdust, bark was discovered in the United States. The main reason for this processing was not fuel production! Recycling was necessary to facilitate the transportation of wood waste, and only much later the resulting products were used for heating.
Since the 90s, the world has begun to actively raise the issue of searching for alternative energy sources, alternative environmentally friendly fuel in society, becoming more relevant and topical. First of all, attention was paid to environmentally friendly and profitable wood. Moreover, if previously rather primitive technologies were used in its processing, then already half a century later, with the growth of scientific and technological progress and the technologies themselves, as well as environmental requirements, the creation of more advanced types of fuel became possible. Pellets have become one of these types of fuel.
The production and use of pellets in Sweden and some other European countries began in the late 80s in Sweden and was popularized as much as possible. And since the beginning of the 90s, this “fashionable” and environmentally friendly fuel began to reach the peak of production and consumption. Literally the whole of Europe, as well as many other countries around the world, was engaged in mass production of pellets.
Germany certified pellets in 1996 as one of the best alternative fuels. In 2005, in Finland alone, the production and use of pellets (or wood pellets) reached more than 70 thousand tons, and this is not in industry, but in the private sector!
In 2008, more than 80 companies, which had been producing pellets were operating in America, and their consumption in the USA was about 1.1 million tons per year. China is the next one after the United States in the use of this type of fuel, and according to analysts’ forecasts, by 2020, it will consume 50 million pellets per year.